Gender in the Tanzanian Water Sector

Equality between men and women is a significant objective of our programme. In general Tanzanian girls and women are disadvantaged compared to their brothers, husbands and male friends. They face lower education, lower salaries, lower involvement in decision-making, and a higher burden at household level. A lot of these inequalities are related  to water and sanitation: Women and girls spend up to six hours every day fetching water. Girls miss school during menstruation. They get sick due to poorly maintained and cleaned latrines or missing toilets and poor hygiene.

We are supporting the Tanzanian Government’s efforts to reduce these challenges by providing better access to sustainable water and sanitation infrastructure for both men and women.

Based on their important role in water-related tasks, several international conferences on water underlined the central role of women in water management. Our programme also encourages women in playing a more active role in the Tanzanian water sector.Therefore we support the Tanzanian government’s efforts to include more women in decision-making processes and we promote a higher share of female staff in our partner institutions. We encourage women to take part in sector-specific training measures that enable them to play an active role in equally represented boards, working groups or committees.

Results of our interventions include:

  • HIV AIDS trainings and workshops raising awareness for gender questions were held in November 2013 at the Ministry of Water. 450 participants (50% women) discussed the direct relationship between gender norms and health problems.
  • Implementing Open Day with the motto 'Science for Girls is Possible' for 120 mostly female pupils from 4 public schools in Dar es Salaam at the Water Development and Management Insitute (WDMI) attracting more female students and later employees to work in the water sector
  • The GIZ Tanzania gender group has developed an internal policy on anti-sexual harassment

Currently our support focuses on:

  • Setting-up a gender strategy for the water sector. This strategy will serve as a basis for the Ministry of Water and Water Supply and Sanitation Utilities to implement Gender Mainstreaming concepts within their institutions.