The International Water Stewardship Programme (IWaSP) promotes effective multi-stakeholder partnerships between civil society, private sector and government sectors to improve the adaptability of water users to manage threats to water security. As of 2014, IWaSP partner countries are Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. Currently, the Programme supports seven partnerships involving 23 public institutions, 22 companies, three associations, seven NGOs and numerous community representatives. By 2018, the Programme’s objective is expected to benefit one million people directly and six million people indirectly through improved management of water security risks.
In Tanzania, two projects are currently being implemented within this global Programme : The Mlalakua River Restoration Project and a partnership project for Sustainable Water Resources Management (WRM) in Upper Ruvuma Basin with Olam and the Ruvuma Basin Water Board.
The Mlalakua River Restoration Project
Rapid population and economic growth, in combination with a lack of services for the management of liquid and solid waste have polluted the coastal rivers of Dar es Salaam to a point they are no longer able to provide their natural functions. The Mlalakua River located in the north of Dar es Salaam exemplifies this situation, open discharge of raw sewage and dumping of solid waste leave this small river in a highly polluted state. This causes public health risks and poses serious environmental and economic consequences for the communities and businesses situated along the banks of the river.
The overall goal of the Mlalakua River Restoration Partnership Project is to restore the river to a healthy status and prevent further pollution on a sustained basis. This will be achieved by cleaning up the river and establishing systems to ensure the sustainable management of municipal and industrial liquid and solid waste. In a participatory planning process, which included numerous consultations with all communities living on the riversides and corporate stakeholders, the following project components and modules have been identified and are being implemented by the project partners:
For this project, the following stakeholders from public sector, private sector and civil society form a partnership under the water stewardship framework:
The Olam-Ruvuma Partnership for Sustainable WRM
While the scarcity of clean fresh water resources is undeniably becoming a reality around the world, a global mobilisation starts forming itself to bring sustainable Water Resources Management (WRM) on top of the priority list of the key concerned parties. Many approaches are being presented where private-sector companies and public-sector development cooperation work hand in hand to find sustainable solutions to this emerging issue. The Ruvuma River Basin is a trans-boundary basin shared between Mozambique, Tanzania and Malawi. In Tanzania, the Ruvuma basin is commonly divided into 5 sub-catchments one being the Upper Ruvuma Catchment, which is characterized by dense forests and woodlands with numerous patches of agricultural activities (small scale farming), highly dependent on water from the Ruvuma River and its tributaries.
The overall goal of this partnership is to contribute to the general improvement of sustainable Water Resources Management (WRM) in the Upper Ruvuma Basin by developing tools and consolidating interactions between the different stakeholders. After some preliminary collaboration related to OLAM being certified by the Alliance for Water Stewardship Standard (AWS), the concept for a more extensive partnership is currently being prepared. Some of the activities already carried out include:
For this project, the following stakeholders from public sector, private sector and civil society will potentially be participating in a Water User Association (WUA) for improved Water Resources Management (WRM) in the catchment under the water stewardship framework and according to the Tanzanian legal framework:
IWaSP is scoping for new partnership opportunities with the private sector in Tanzania with a particular focus on hydropower and agriculture.