GIZ has been supporting the water sector reforms in Tanzania since January 2002. The reforms were carried out in response to the main shortfall in the National Water Policy (1991) which emphasised that the central government is the only investor, implementer and manager of the projects, both in rural and urban areas. The reforms were meant to decentralise these responsibilities, and also to translate the signed global commitments into national law. One of these global commitments is the Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio Conference) in 1992 which emphasised that all nations must protect natural resources, including the protection of water resources against pollution.
Since starting the reforms, the following institutional framework documents have been approved in the Tanzanian water sector:
- National Water Policy (2002),
- National Water Sector Development Strategy (2006),
- Water Resources Management Act (2009) and
- Water Supply and Sanitation Act (2009).
These documents are supposed to improve water services in Tanzania and guide the implementation of the Water Sector Development Programme (WSDP), a SWAP-based (Sector-Wide-Approach-to- Planning) programme launched in 2007.
Optimize policy frameworks and organizational processes to improve the implementation of the WSDP.
Two long-term advisors support the Division of Policy and Planning (DPP) and the Programme Coordination Unit (PCU) in the Ministry of Water on a high decision level. GIZ also supports capacity development initiatives and change management processes within the Ministry, including staff training and top management leadership seminars.
Specifically, GIZ’s advisory services focus on assisting the MoW in:
- Developing improved cooperation mechanisms between the Ministry of Water (MoW) and Prime Minister’s Office-Regional Administration and Local Government (PMO-RALG) for better coordination of Water Sector Development Programme (WSDP),
- Developing institutional frameworks and processes (policies, strategies, Acts, Regulations, etc.,) for improved planning, budgeting, implementation and enhanced monitoring of WSDP activities,
- Developing MoW’s internal mechanisms and procedures, in particular programme coordination processes for improved WSDP management,
- Developing capacities and tools to improve and facilitate the execution of management processes within MoW, and by the Programme Coordination Unit (PCU) in particular,
- Promoting Public and Private Partnership (PPP) arrangements in water sector.
Recent supported activities include:
- Support for the implementation of processes for improved coordination of planning, budgeting, monitoring and management of WSDP (e.g. cooperation, networking and more effective inter-departmental meetings, procedures and criteria for measuring the efficiency of coordination and reporting, etc.),
- Support, among other tools, the enhancement of the Management Information System (MIS), a system designed to monitor progress and finances in the framework of WSDP, which must become a much more effective financial and administrative management and reporting tool,
- Support for the development of water sector gender strategy and guidelines,
- Support PPP Unit (MoW) in the identification and facilitation of potential implementation of PPP projects in the water sector.